Common Terms

No-Contact Order (WFU)
Rape
Relationship Violence
SART
Sexual Assault
Sexual Harassment
Sexual Misconduct
Sexual Violence
Stalking
Survivor
Victim

 


No-Contact Order (WFU)
A “No Contact Order” can prevent a student or groups of students from having any type of communication with another student at Wake Forest University. It is issued by the Office of the Dean of Student Services at WFU. Violation of the No Contact Order can result in a judicial review. No Contact Orders can be particularly helpful in situations involving stalking, abusive relationships, or sexual assault, as they can help the survivor feel safer and provide distance from the person or people who have hurt them. For more information on obtaining a No Contact Order contact the Safe Office or the Office of the Dean of Student Services.


Rape
A particular type of Sexual Assault, defined within the Wake Forest Sexual Misconduct policy as, “Attempted or completed intercourse or penetration (anal, oral or vaginal), however slight, with any body part or any object, by a man or a woman upon a man or a woman, without effective consent. This includes vaginal penetration by a penis, object, tongue or finger; anal penetration by a penis, object, tongue or finger; and oral copulation (mouth to genital contact or genital to mouth contact).”

In January 2012, the FBI expanded their definition of rape to, “the penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the person.”

In the state of North Carolina, “rape” legally refers to penile penetration of the vagina. All other forms of unwanted penetration are referred to as “sexual offenses.”


Relationship Violence
One person using a pattern of behaviors to control the other person with whom they are involved in any type of relationship (romantic, roommate, friend, family, etc.). Anyone can be a victim of relationship violence, and often people who are in abusive relationships do not view themselves as victims and their abusers do not see themselves as being abusive. People often view relationship violence as physical violence, such as hitting. However, relationship violence can take on many forms, such as psychological, emotional, financial, or sexual abuse.


SART (Sexual Assault Response Team)
A team of health care providers (e.g. forensic nurses, ER doctors, law enforcement, victim advocates, and mental health professionals) that are specially trained in responding to victims of sexual assault. This team works together to ensure that sexual assault survivors receive comprehensive medical attention, evidence collection examinations, emotional support, and resource information.


Sexual Assault
(See: Sexual Violence) Any sex act or sexual contact against someone’s will, without consent, or when someone is unable to freely give consent. In most sexual assaults, no weapons are used except for force. Force can include the use of verbal, physical or emotional pressure or manipulation, substances, threats, coercion and/or the use of alcohol or other drugs.

Some lesser known examples of sexual assault include voyeurism, exhibitionism, and sexual harassment. Sexual Assault can occur in different situations such as in an isolated place, on a date, at a party, or in the home of you or someone that you know. Sexual assault may be committed by a stranger, however, it is most often perpetrated by someone that the victim knows.


Sexual Harassment
The misuse of power, involving two people of perceived unequal authority and status, in a situation that has sexual overtones. It is manifest in a range of behaviors that bring unwanted, unwelcomed attention directed toward a person’s or group’s sexuality or sexual identity.

The Wake Forest Sexual Misconduct policy defines Sexual Harassment as, “A form of discrimination that includes verbal, written, or physical behavior of a sexual nature, directed at someone, or against a particular group, because of that person’s or group’s sex, or based on gender stereotypes, when that behavior is unwelcome and meets either of the following criteria: (1) Submission or consent to the behavior is reasonably believed to carry consequences for the student’s education, employment, on-campus living environment, or participation in a University activity. […] (2) The behavior has the purpose or effect of substantially interfering with the student’s work or educational performance by creating an intimidating, hostile, or demeaning environment for employment, education, on-campus living, or participation in a University activity.”


Sexual Misconduct
The Wake Forest University Sexual Misconduct Policy defines “Sexual Misconduct” as, “any act of a sexual nature perpetrated against an individual without effective consent or when an individual is unable to freely give consent.” Wake Forest University uses the term “Sexual Misconduct” to discuss acts of sexual violence that may constitute both a violation of University policy and criminal activity.


Sexual Violence
(See: Sexual Assault) A broad term that includes rape, incest, child sexual abuse, intimate partner violence, sexual exploitation, human trafficking, unwanted sexual contact, sexual harassment, exhibitionism, and voyeurism.


Stalking
Legal definitions may vary by jurisdiction, but stalking is generally defined as a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to feel fear. Stalking is a crime in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, the U.S. territories, and the federal government as well as a violation of the Wake Forest University Sexual Misconduct Policy. Stalking is serious, often violent, and can escalate over time.


Survivor
(see: Victim) Someone who has experienced the crime and trauma of interpersonal violence. Often used instead of “victim,” particularly when someone is healing or empowered after the violence. Most people do not like to think of themselves as victims in any way, and it can be empowering for an individual to refer to themselves as a “survivor” instead.


Victim
(see: Survivor) Someone who has experienced the crime and trauma of interpersonal violence.

 

 

Adapted From:

National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC)

Stalking Resource Center

UNC-Chapel Hill